The Startups, be it a company or developer always face a question that was to start to do full stack development or to be a full stack developer. The current post is clearing the concepts regarding stacks involved in full stack development and technologies required to go ahead. Let check this sweet & short guide to move in the right direction.
Full stack development is a buzz in the present software developer community. Niche experts who have expertise in the selected stacks have ambitions to be full stack developers. Fresher also are dreaming of hitting big salary packages come after establishing their reputations as full stack developer.
It has increased curiosity among all to know about full stack development and how to be a full stack developer. However, without knowing anything about software stack, we hardly can understand full stack development.What Is Software Stack?
Stack means a pile in English dictionary. Fundamentally, software stack implies the set of software subsystems or components to develop an entire software system or platform. So, in a broad term, software stack is a unique set of programs work in tandem to achieve a functional software outcome. It may be a web stack, mobile stack, or native application stack.
Common Stack Layers of the Modern Software Applications
Modern software applications have some common layers
Front-end (Presentation Layer):
- It could be a user interface, a browser, or a mobile screen that allow end-users to interact.
- Be it a standalone desktop application, a website, web application, or mobile application.
- Anyone can use it.
Backend (Business Logic Layer):
- It could be a user interface specifically developed to operate the software system.
- Today, it contains a feature-rich dashboard allows monitoring, configuration, and reporting with visuals.
- Developers and non-developer users can use it with administrator privileges.
Database (Data Layer):
It could be SQL/tabular or NoSQL/non-tabular data with database management software.
Operating System (OS Layer):
It provides organized computer commands, and converse those into basic binary code (0 – 1) of the computing system. Thus, it enables the execution of computing commands to operate computing machines.
- For computing devices, Windows and Linux
- For mobiles, iOS, Android, Windows Phone, and so on
- For wearable devices, Android, iOS, and a lot more
Technologies Corresponding to Software Stack Layers
At present, all these layers have corresponding technologies including programming languages, development frameworks, and tools. However, we need not learn all, but only in demand, such as
Front-end Development Technologies in Demand:
User Interface Layer
To create a user interface (UI), you must know graphics designing tools, designing techniques, and programming to translate designs into code pixel-to-pixel.
- Photoshop is an excellent graphics designing tool.
- HTML is browser-based client-side script known as markup.
- CSS is cascading style sheet script to describe how HTML elements display in a web page.
Bootstraps, Foundation, Backbone, JQuery, Angular JS, React JS, Ember JS, LESS, SASS, and other JS-based libraries or frameworks are an excellent choice for front-end software programming.
Bootstraps, Foundation, Backbone, Angular JS, and Ember JS ensure great content presentation across the devices. JQuery, LESS, SASS, and other JS-based libraries are packing code into usable, space, and time-saving formats.
Thus, you can use these frameworks & libraries for front-end, and more often back-end coding for all kinds of software and modern devices/clients including web browsers, native mobile UIs, and wearable like emerging technologies. Back-end Development Technologies in Demand:
Back-end development demands core computational logic to create the back-end user interface and allow smooth exchanges of data between front-end interfaces and databases.
- For web applications, it is between client devices and web servers.
- For mobiles and other innovative devices, it is between front-end UI and back-end databases.
- Moreover, back-end developers also manage data flow between core software applications to web services like third-party (APIs) integrations and vice verso.
Web Server Layer
Now, we need server-side scripts to process requests to come from client-side devices and pull required data from the database. Today, following are most used server-side programming scripts/languages (Mostly open source).
- C-class languages including C++ and C#
Unfortunately or fortunately, most of these dynamic coding scripts have a number of frameworks to do coding for efficiencies, speed, accuracy, and ease in different scales of software development projects. You also need to learn more than dozens of JS frameworks useful for back-end development.
Web server layer also requires understanding and command over web servers hardware side such as CPU, RAM, Motherboard, and Networking, server types like Apache and Nginx, as well as Server OS (operating system) like Linux and Windows.
With web server expertise, a developer can provide superb web hosting services for various hosting models including shared hosting, VPS, and dedicated servers. It all possible in hosting server environment as well as a cloud hosting environment.API Layer
We know Application Programming Interface coding helps developers to connect software, applications, databases, and 3rd party services together seamlessly. API developers have to learn SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) and REST (Representational State Transfer) architecture to address resource limitations, fewer security needs, browser client compatibility, discoverability, data health, and scalabi
Cloud computing is a buzzword in the software market. Cloud services provide data storage as well as various services to create, sustain/support, and function various software applications including the web and mobile applications. Thus, it is imperative for a back-end and full stack developers to learn cloud integration and programming for cloud development/services.
Database Development Technologies in Demand:
To store, retrieve, and feeding data, the database management system/software (DBMS) is inevitable need in any software development. Developers used to deal with two types of database models, relational database and non-relational database.
It requires learning of SQL and NoSQL quarry languages. MySQL and PostgreSQL are SQL RDBMS while MongoDB and Hadoop are NoSQL DBMS. Data-driven application development is in demand and requires expertise on various SQL and NoSQL languages to accomplish DCL, DDL, DML, and DQL tasks.
<h3>Where to Start & How to Go to Be a Full Stack Developer
Now, you might have all concepts regarding software development stacks and relevant technologies. If you have a certificate, diploma, or degree in computer engineering fields or information technologies (IT) related courses, you may have worked to in-depth knowledge of all stacks and technologies.
In such cases, you need real-world experiences by working on different projects, which are demanding skills in various software stacks. By working with experts and their contributions/mentoring, you also can get expertise on different trendy software stacks and go ahead to be a Full Stack Software Developer.
Apart from the practical experiences, you have to gain complete knowledge regarding your interested stacks, go for online learning with eBooks, tutorials, and paid course.
Udacity, Lynda, Thinkful, Coursera, General Assembly and other myriads of eLearning software academies are providing such programs upon some fees. The leading universities across the globe, which have software engineering courses in their curricula are extending their reach beyond classroom walls and offer online as well as a combo of both world experiences.
The universities and government bodies are arranging camps to boost software learning for techies as well as tech-savvy but non-technical background people frequently. However, it is up to you take a suitable route or approaches to move in a direction to be a full stack developer.
Wrapping It Up:
If you are looking for practical guidance and experiences, I will recommend you a USA-based Full Stack Development Company, Perception System in San Jose. It has 17+ years of experiences in the software industry and consists of an impeccable team of Full Stack Developers, which are available under the title of “Hire Dedicated Full Stack Developers” to exploit the talent available at competitive rates.